With retirement on more people’s mind as baby boomers prepare to leave the work force and Millennials unsure about the future of Social Security, it’s no wonder that defined contribution (DC) plans led by 401ks and IRAs fueled by rollovers are dominating. According to the Investment Company Institute, DC plans and IRAs accounted for almost $15 trillion of the $25.3 trillion in retirement assets with 401ks making up 63% of DC plans growing 8.5% in 2016. So what does the 401k market look like and how will it change in the next three-five years? TRAU (The Retirement Advisor University) took a snapshot of advisors and providers that make up the 401k market.
Of the 300,000 active financial advisors in the U.S. licensed under FINRA or the SEC, an estimated 250,000 work on or get paid by a 401k or DC plan. Yet only 25,000 are minimally qualified with at least 5 plans and $25 million in DC assets – of those only 2500 are considered elite advisors with at least $250 million in DC assets and 10 plans. They manage an estimated 257,500 DC plans that have an advisor or 47% of plans with 68% of assets.
Which means that over half of all DC plans, mostly smaller ones, do not have an advisor with minimal qualifications. That will surely change as the move to fiduciary advisors heralded by the DOL rule will force many advisors out of the market either on their own volition or because their broker dealer or RIA does not want to incur the liability. (See 401kTV Advisor Directory)
There are less than 50 BDs and RIAs that have a focus on DC plans dedicating minimal resources (See 401kTV Resource Center) yet there are thousands of BDs and RIAs. The DOL fiduciary rule is forcing many distributors to take a hard look at advisors working on 401k plans to determine if they want to provide support or not. Which in turn is leading advisors looking to focus on 401k plans to seek organizations that offer the resources and support to manage and grow a corporate retirement practice.
Record Keepers & TPAs
Though there are only 38 national record keepers, there are more than 500 regional record keeping TPAs (third party administrators) and a total of 4,000 compliance TPAs that provide compliance and consulting but not record keeping services (See 401TV Resource Center). Consolidation will continue for national providers following trends in the airline industry as costs continue to rise. If legislation allowing unaffiliated companies to join MEPs (multiple employees plans) passes, consolidation may be expedited with smaller plans moving from their current provider to join a MEP.
So what does this mean for 401k and even 403b plan sponsors? Make sure you have an experienced advisor who has the backing and resources of their BD or RIA to help you find the right record keeper and TPA to service your plan. Otherwise, you will find yourself in the jungle without a guide in a world getting more dangerous with increased lawsuits and scrutiny by lawmakers.
Latest posts by Fred Barstein (see all)
- 401k Education and Communication Impacts Participation Rates - September 4, 2019
- Clever Ways to Engage Senior Management in your 401k Plan - June 4, 2018
- 401k Loans: Can Redesign Help? - April 23, 2018